Sun and tanning safety advice

All the magazines are talking about it, but it bears repeating as I'm sure there are many Sun God worshipers among you! It's true that when the sun is out, spirits are high, and we can stock up on vitamin D for the winter. But what about the sun's negative effects on our skin? It has been known to cause accelerated aging, skin discoloration, and an increased risk of skin cancers, on the rise for the last 20 years. By: Catherine Mühlethaler

Sun and tanning safety advice by Yon-Ka Paris
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Let's take a closer look:

I. All skin is not equal under the sun

II.Tan smart 

-Know your enemies - and master them, too!

-Challenging received wisdom

 
All skin is not equal under the sun
The paler your skin, the weaker and fewer your protective pigments, known as melanins. This means that you tend to go red in the sun and tan less - if at all, I hear the redheads cry! But all this is will not be news to you.
 The only solution is to shield yourself from the sun's rays by any means possible: pants, long sleeves, hats, and protecting exposed skin with SPF 50 UVA/UVB.
 
And there is another way to get that gorgeous, much coveted golden-brown color: SELF-TANNING LOTION
The advantage: you'll preserve your youthful skin and be the envy of everyone after you turn 50!
 
For fair skin which does manage to tan, vigilance is a must. Avoid UVA/UVB protection under SPF 20 and always choose factor 50 when the sun is strong, or for initial exposure if you want to progressively acclimatize your skin to the sun.
 
And the sun's rays can be just as dangerous for olive or dark skin, despite the fact it tans easily. It's true that you can use weaker UVA/UVB protection factors, but during prolonged exposure or in intense sunlight, factor 50 is essential for preventing the harmful effects of the sun and premature aging of the skin.

Our sun capital
This capital decreases dangerously every time you get sunburned. If we're not careful, it could be spent as soon as we turn 16. Therefore we must educate our children, protect them and protect ourselves. Our health is at stake. 
 

Tan smart 
Before any exposure to the sun, apply protection against UVA and UVB rays which is adapted to sunlight, skin sensitivity, glare (sea or mountains), altitude, different sports, exposure duration, and UV factor, which you can look up on your smartphone or the http://www.soleil.info/uv-meteo/lindex-uv/ website
Apply the product generously, 30 minutes before exposure,
Buy new products each year - last year's products, or even products opened more than 6 months ago, should be thrown away!
Reapply at least every 2 hours and systematically after swimming, drying yourself or excessive sweating,
Avoid exposure between 11am and 4pm, when shade is at a minimum,
Expose your skin to the sun in stages in order to tan without burning,
Avoid prolonged periods of exposure, regardless of your skin type,
Do not expose children under 3 to the sun as their skin is not yet fully developed,
Wear category 3 or 4 wrap sunglasses, protective clothing and a hat at the hottest times of the day,
In your food choices, opt for colorful and seasonal fruit and vegetables (vitamin C, carotenoids), wheatgerm and sunflower oils, corn oil (vitamin E), canola oil and fatty fish (omega 3), etc.
After exposure, make sure you hydrate, nourish and regenerate your skin as much as possible to fight free radicals generated by UV rays.
 
Know your enemies - and master them, too!

Perfume: avoid applying perfume before going out into the sun. Certain molecules in perfumes can be photosensitizing and cause burning and long-lasting pigmentation.
 
Medicines: if you take any, consult your physician or pharmacist.
 
 Plants: resist the urge to stretch out directly onto grass - certain plants can cause redness, burning and persistent pigmentation.
 
Microscopic fungi: they hide in sand, on swimming pool floors, mattresses and sunbed fabric and can cause pigmentation or loss of pigment. Use your own towel - wash it daily, if possible.
 
UV tanning beds– exercise with caution – FYI, Australia, which holds the record for highest rate of skin cancer, has banned them.
Useful info
Pregnancy: Take care if pregnant! Even if you have olive skin, opt for maximum protection before any exposure to the sun and follow all safety guidance - during this period your skin is dramatically weakened and there is a heightened risk of pigmentation.
 
Acne: contrary to popular belief, the sun does not improve acne. When exposed to the sun, your skin defends itself - the stratum corneum thickens which tends to clog pores.  Watch out for breakouts when coming back from vacation.
 
Scars: keep them out of the sun during the 1st year.
 
Sun allergy or PLE: at initial exposure to the sun, symptoms include unbearable itching and small red bumps on the upper chest and forearms, among others. It is not known why, but it cannot reoccur the following year. Remedies: maximum protection and, if necessary, medicine prescribed by your doctor.
 
Challenging received wisdom

stronger protection does not prevent you from tanning
self-tanning lotion does not protect against UVA and UVB rays
a cloudy sky does not guarantee sun protection.
 
Now it's down to you - enjoy the sun and your summer vacation!
 
 

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